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Improved coupled-mode theory for nonlinear directional couplers

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2 Author(s)
X. J. Meng ; Graduate Sch. of Electron. Sci. & Technol., Shizuoka Univ., Hamamatsu, Japan ; N. Okamoto

An improved coupled-mode equation for nonlinear directional couplers (NLDC) with Kerr-like nonlinear media is proposed. The method is based on the generalized reciprocity relation in which two sets of field solutions satisfying Maxwell's equations are for the NLDC and for the isolated nonlinear waveguide. That leads to a reasonable result that all the coefficients in the coupled-mode equations, including the coupling coefficient, become power dependent. For the NLDC with a self-focusing or self-defocusing nonlinear material, the authors examine how the coupling coefficient, the coupling length, and the guided power depend on the input power in the range of coupling stronger than in previous reports. It is found that the critical power at which the coupling length becomes infinity does not increase as much with the two guides for the case of self-focusing media

Published in:

IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics  (Volume:27 ,  Issue: 5 )