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We consider the serial concatenation of a convolutional code and a continuous phase modulation separated by a random interleaver. It is shown that the continuous phase modulator has the same behavior as a recursive systematic convolutional code in serial turbo codes. The interleaver gain produced by the modulator and the random interleaving depends only on the minimum Hamming distance of the outer code. A soft-input soft-output detection algorithm is described and applied in an iterative joint detection-decoding scheme. Simulated performance over Gaussian and Rayleigh channels shows a dramatic gain over both uncoded modulation and classic detection.