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Feedback error learning neural network for trans-femoral prosthesis

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3 Author(s)
V. D. Kalanovic ; Dept. of Mech. Eng., South Dakota Sch. of Mines & Technol., Rapid City, SD, USA ; D. Popovic ; N. T. Skaug

Feedback-error learning (FEL) neural network was developed for control of a powered trans-femoral prosthesis. Nonlinearities and time-variations of the dynamics of the plant, in addition to redundancy and dynamic uncertainty during the double support phase of walking, makes conventional control methods very difficult to use. Rule-based control, which uses a knowledge base determined by machine learning and finite automata method is limited since it does not respond well to perturbations and environmental changes. FEL can be regarded as a hybrid control, because it combines nonparametric identification with parametric modeling and control. This paper presents simulation of a powered trans-femoral prosthesis controlled by a FEL neural network. Results suggest that FEL can be used to identify inverse dynamics of an arbitrary trans-femoral prosthesis during simple single joint movements (e.g., sinusoidal oscillations). The identified inverse dynamics then allows the tracking of an arbitrary trajectory such as a desired walking pattern within a multijoint structure. Simulation shows that the identified controller responds correctly when the leg motion is exposed to a perturbation such as a frequent change of the ground reaction force or the hip joint torque generated by the user. FEL eliminates the need for precise, tedious, and complex identification of model parameters

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Rehabilitation Engineering  (Volume:8 ,  Issue: 1 )