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Heat transfer characteristics of liquid nitrogen for cyclic heating

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4 Author(s)
Fuchino, S. ; Electrotech. Lab., Ibaraki, Japan ; Tamada, N. ; Ishii, I. ; Okano, M.

Bubble formation and the critical heat flux to transit to boiling state for cyclic heat inputs have been investigated using a platinum - 0.5at% cobalt (Pt-Co) wire and a silver sheathed Bi-2223 tape, in order to evaluate the cooling stability for superconducting AC power apparatus. Sinusoidal cyclic heat inputs ranging from 2 to 150 Hz were applied to a horizontal thin wire immersed in a pool of saturated liquid nitrogen under normal atmospheric pressure. A high-speed video camera with a frame speed of 1000 frames/s has been used to observe bubble formation around the wire. The bubble frequency and the critical heat flux to transit to boiling state have been measured for each frequency. As a result, it has been found that the bubble frequency and the critical heat flux have depended on the heating frequency. The same experiment has been performed on a silver sheathed Bi-2223 tape, however, the mechanism of bubble formation is different. The dependence of the critical heat flux on the heating frequency has been also observed.

Published in:

Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:10 ,  Issue: 1 )