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For accurate control of the channel spacing in fabricating multiwavelength laser arrays or discrete multicolor lasers, we proposed a novel approach that exploits sampled grating distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) mirrors to vary the laser wave length across the wafer. This approach can realize a set of lasers with a wavelength spacing that meets the ITU recommendations for dense wavelength-division multiplexing systems and a wavelength range that can cover up to 40 nm or more. The wavelength variation across an array is achieved by changing the sampling periods of the DBR mirrors from laser to laser. The accuracy on the channel spacing of sampled grating DBR laser arrays was shown to be the same as that of conventional distributed feedback or DBR laser arrays, but their wavelengths can be better controlled for the gratings are fabricated with single holographic exposure. Arrays of 21 lasers have been successfully fabricated and have around 0.8-nm wavelength spacing with a simple tuning mechanism.
Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of (Volume:6 , Issue: 1 )
Date of Publication: Jan.-Feb. 2000