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Er/sup 3+/-doped channel optical waveguide amplifiers for WDM systems: a comparison of tellurite, alumina and Al/P silicate materials

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3 Author(s)
Chryssou, C.E. ; Dept. of Electron. & Electr. Eng., Univ. Coll. London, UK ; Di Pasquale, F. ; Pitt, C.W.

Er/sup 3+/-doped tellurite and Er/sup 3+/-doped alumina optical waveguide amplifiers are analyzed both as single amplifiers and as elements of 16-channel wavelength-division multiplexing (WDM) systems; their performances are compared with that from Er/sup 3+/-doped Al/P silica waveguide amplifiers. The amplifier model is based on propagation and population-rate equations and includes both uniform and pair-induced up-conversion mechanisms. It is solved numerically by combining finite elements and the Runge-Kutta algorithm. The analysis predicts that Er/sup 3+/-doped tellurite waveguides exhibit improved gain characteristics compared with alumina and Al/P silica waveguides. Using Er/sup 3+/-doped tellurite waveguide amplifiers, it is suggested that 16 WDM channels may be transmitted to a maximum distance of 4250 km. By using in-line notch gain equalizing filters, the maximum transmission distance can be increased to 5250 km.

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Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:6 ,  Issue: 1 )