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A review of lithium niobate modulators for fiber-optic communications systems

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11 Author(s)
Wooten, E.L. ; JDS Uniphase Corp., Bloomfield, CT, USA ; Kissa, K.M. ; Yi-Yan, A. ; Murphy, E.J.
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The current status of lithium-niobate external-modulator technology is reviewed with emphasis on design, fabrication, system requirements, performance, and reliability. The technology meets the performance and reliability requirements of current 2.5-, 10-, and 40-Gb/s digital communication systems, as well as CATV analog systems. The current trend in device topology is toward higher data rates and increased levels of integration. In particular, multiple high-speed modulation functions, such as 10-Gb/s return-to-zero pulse generation plus data modulation, have been achieved in a single device.

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Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:6 ,  Issue: 1 )