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Noise covariances estimation for systems with bias states

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4 Author(s)
Tae Yoon Um ; Sch. of Electr. Eng., Seoul Nat. Univ., South Korea ; Jang Gyu Lee ; Seong-Taek Park ; Chan Gook Park

This paper presents a new approach to noise covariances estimation for a linear, time-invariant, stochastic system with constant but unknown bias states. The system is supposed to satisfy controllable/observable conditions without bias states. Based on a restructured data representation, the covariance of a new variable that consists of measurement vectors is expressed as a linear combination of unknown parameters. Noise covariances are then estimated by employing a recursive least-squares algorithm. The proposed method requires no a priori estimates of noise covariances, provides consistent estimates, and can also be applied when the relationship between bias states and other states is unknown. The method has been applied to strapdown inertial navigation system initial alignment. Simulation results indicate a satisfactory performance of the proposed method

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Aerospace and Electronic Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:36 ,  Issue: 1 )