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Buffer analysis and control in CBR video transcoding

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2 Author(s)
Assuncao, P.A.A. ; Inst. de Telecommun., Coimbra, Portugal ; Ghanbari, M.

In video distribution services, various networks of different capacity may be linked together to form the branches of a multicasting tree. In order to efficiently use the available bandwidth of each subnetwork, a video transcoder capable of reducing the bit rate of the incoming bit stream must be used at those nodes whose output links have less bandwidth than the input one. In this paper, we analyze the buffering implications of inserting a video transcoder within the transmission path. For transcoders with either fixed or variable compression ratio, we show that the encoder buffer size can be maintained as if no transcoder existed while the decoder has to modify its own buffer size according to both the bit rate conversion ratio and transcoder buffer size. We derive the conditions that have to be met by both the encoder and transcoder buffers for preventing the decoder buffer from underflowing or overflowing. Furthermore, based on the characteristics of constant bit rate (CBR) MPEG coded video, we show that efficient bit rate control can be implemented in CBR video transcoders such that the picture quality of transcoded sequences is practically the same as those directly encoded from the original sequence at the same reduced bit rates

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Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:10 ,  Issue: 1 )