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A coherent scattering model to determine forest backscattering in the VHF-band

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4 Author(s)
Israelsson, H. ; Dept. of Radio & Space Sci., Chalmers Univ. of Technol., Goteborg, Sweden ; Ulander, L.M.H. ; Martin, T. ; Askne, J.I.H.

A coherent scattering model to determine the forest radar backscattering at VHF frequencies (20-90 MHz) has been developed. The motivation for studying this frequency band is the recent development of the CARABAS Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR). In order to model the scattering from branches and trunks, homogeneous dielectric cylinders placed above a semi-infinite di-electric ground have been analyzed. An analytical approach, where the theoretically exact currents induced in an infinite cylinder are truncated, has been compared to a numerical solution using the finite difference time domain (FDTD) method. If the first-order coherent ray tracing is included in the analytical approach, the results match well with the numerically exact FDTD solution. The results show that, in order to determine the VHF-backscattering from a forest stand, the coherent ground interaction is an important part and has to be considered. In this paper, modeling results are in good agreement with CARABAS measurements

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:38 ,  Issue: 1 )