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One of the key technologies in a high power microwave system is the pulsed power conditioning system (PPCS). For a system driven by an explosive flux compression generator, the PPCS may consist of an energy storage inductor, a fuse type opening switch and a sharpening spark gap. This paper presents the investigation of a PPCS with a pulse transformer. Before the construction of a prototype, the behavior of the PPCS was simulated using the PSpice circuit simulation code. A transformer with a primary inductance of 3.5 /spl mu/H, secondary inductance of 85 /spl mu/H and coupling coefficient of 0.75, was designed and used in the experiments. The transformer was designed with two coaxial windings. Simulation results as well as experimental waveforms are shown.