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A DC-20-GHz InP HBT balanced analog multiplier for high-data-rate direct-digital modulation and fiber-optic receiver applications

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9 Author(s)
K. W. Kobayashi ; Electron. & Technol. Div., TRW Inc., Redondo Beach, CA, USA ; R. M. Desrosiers ; A. Gutierrez-Aitken ; J. C. Cowles
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This paper reports on a dc-20-GHz InP heterojunction bipolar transistor (HBT) active mixer, which obtains the highest gain-bandwidth product (GBP) thus far reported for a direct-coupled analog mixer integrated circuit (IC). The InP HBT active mixer is based on the Gilbert transconductance multiplier cell and integrates RF, local oscillator, and IF amplifiers, High-speed 70-GHz fT and 160-GHz fmax InP HBT devices along with microwave matching accounts for its record performance. Operated as a down-converter mixer, the monolithic microwave integrated circuit achieves an RF bandwidth (BW) from dc-20 GHz with 15.3-dB gain and benchmarks a factor of two improvement in GBP over state-of-the-art analog mixer ICs. Operated as an up-converter, direct-digital modulation of a 2.4-Gb/s 231 -1 pseudorandom bit sequence (PRBS) onto a 20-GHz carrier frequency resulted in a carrier rejection of a 28 dB, clock suppression of 35 dBc, and less than a 50-ps demodulated eye phase jitter. The analog multiplier was also operated as a variable gain amplifier, which obtained 20-dB gain with a BW from dc-18 GHz, an third-order intercept of 12 dBm, and over 25 dB of dynamic range. A single-ended peak-to-peak output voltage of 600 mV was obtained with a ±35-mV 15 Gb/s 25-1 PRES input demonstrating feasibility for OC-192 fiber-telecommunication data rates. The InP-based analog multiplier IC is an attractive building block for several wideband communications such as those employed in satellites, local multipoint distribution systems, high-speed local area networks, and fiber-optic links

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IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques  (Volume:48 ,  Issue: 2 )