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Video compression is characterized by the diversity in algorithms, the complexity of computation and the high throughput rate. The requirement of diversity and high performance in video compression brings forward some important goals in designing the VLSI architecture. In this paper, three very important goals are introduced into the design of VLSI architectures for video compression. In the main part of the paper, why each design goal should be considered, what are the problems in achieving each goal and what techniques can be used to achieve each goal are studied.