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Dual-polarized slot-coupled patch antennas on Duroid with teflon lenses for 76.5-GHz automotive radar systems

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4 Author(s)
B. G. Porter ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Wisconsin Univ., Madison, WI, USA ; L. L. Rauth ; J. R. Mura ; S. S. Gearhart

A dual-polarized 76.5-GHz microstrip patch and teflon lens antenna system was designed, constructed, and tested. A receiver (RX) array of three dual-polarized microstrip patches was coupled through a 10-cm-diameter lens to produce radiation patterns with 3° beamwidths and beam crossovers of -3 dB. The transmitter (TX) consisted of a single dual-polarized microstrip patch coupled through a 2.5-cm-diameter lens to produce a 10° beamwidth. Slot-coupled patches were used to isolate the microstrip feed circuit from the radiating elements. The antennas and feeds were fabricated on commercially available 5880 Duriod substrates. Cross-polarization levels were less than -20 dB and were typically less than -30 dB over the entire beam at the design frequency. First sidelobe levels were no greater than -15 dB and were typically closer to -20 dB. Stepped and unstepped versions of the 10-cm-diameter receive lens were designed and fabricated. Antenna system sidelobes levels were lower with the stepped lens while the cross-polarization levels were comparable

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation  (Volume:47 ,  Issue: 12 )