By Topic

A new catheter design using needle electrode for subendocardial RF ablation of ventricular muscles: finite element analysis and in vitro experiments

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

7 Author(s)
Eung Je Woo ; Sch. of Electron. & Inf., Kyung Hee Univ., Seoul, South Korea ; S. Tungjitkusolmun ; Hong Cao ; Jang-Zem Tsai
more authors

Radio-frequency (RF) cardiac ablation has been very successful for treating arrhythmias related with atrioventricular junction and accessory pathways with successful cure rates of more than 90%. Even though ventricular tachycardia (VT) is a more serious problem, it is known to be rather difficult to cure VT using RF ablation. In order to apply RF ablation to VT, we usually need to create a deeper and wider lesion. Conventional RF ablation electrodes often fail to produce such a lesion. We propose a catheter-electrode design including one or more needle electrodes with a diameter of 0.5-1.0 mm and length of 2.0-10 mm to create a lesion large enough to treat VT. One temperature sensor could be placed at the middle of the needle electrode for temperature-controlled RF ablation. From finite element analyses and in vitro experiments, we found that the depth of a lesion is 1-2 mm deeper than the insertion depth of the needle and the width increases as we increase the diameter of the needle and the time duration. We showed that a single needle electrode can produce a lesion with about 10-mm width and any required depth. If a wider lesion is required, more than one needle with suggested structures can be used. Or, repeated RF ablations around a certain area using one needle could produce a cluster of lesions. In some cases, a catheter with both conventional electrode and needle electrode at its tip may be beneficial to take advantage of both types of electrode.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering  (Volume:47 ,  Issue: 1 )