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A dipole antenna for interstitial microwave hyperthermia

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3 Author(s)
Hurter, W. ; Dept. of Radiol. & Pathophysiol., German Cancer Res. Center, Heidelberg, Germany ; Reinbold, F. ; Lorenz, W.J.

An improved interstitial microwave antenna design was investigated in static phantom experiments at 915 MHz and different insertion depths. Compared with conventional interstitial antennas, the presented dipole microwave antenna shows heating patterns which are concentrated on the dipole irrespective of the insertion depth. By analogy to interstitial radiotherapy, the microwave antenna allows a high concentration of energy in the target volume with as little damage as possible to the healthy surrounding tissue. The undesired heating of healthy tissue along the feeding line observed with conventional interstitial antennas is avoided. A λ/4 sleeve on the feeding line (which does not radiate microwave energy itself to the surrounding tissue) transforms an open end, i.e. a high impedance at the generator end of the dipole antenna. The current flowing back along the outside of the outer conductor of the feeding line in the direction of the generator is zero at this point. Both dipole sections have the same terminating impedance. Since the λ/4 sleeve is mounted outside the antenna, its mechanical length is not restricted by the mechanical length of the antenna. It can be charged with dielectric materials of low dielectricity constants

Published in:

Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:39 ,  Issue: 6 )