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Adaptation techniques in wireless packet data services

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3 Author(s)
Nanda, S. ; Lucent Technol., AT&T Bell Labs., Holmdel, NJ, USA ; Balachandran, K. ; Kumar, S.

Today's cellular systems are designed to achieve 90-95 percent coverage for voice users (i.e., the ratio of signal to interference plus noise must be above a design target over 90 to 95 percent of the cell area). This ensures that the desired data rate which achieves good voice quality can be provided “everywhere”. As a result, SINRs that are much larger than the target are achieved over a large portion of the cellular coverage area. For a packet data service, the larger SINR can be used to provide higher data rates by reducing coding or spreading and/or increasing the constellation density. It is straight-forward to see that cellular spectral efficiency (in terms of b/s/Hz/sector) can be increased by a factor of two or more if users with better links are served at higher data rates. Procedures that exploit this are already in place for all the major cellular standards in the world. In this article, we describe data rate adaptation procedures for CDMA (IS-95), wideband CDMA (cdma2000 and UMTS WCDMA), TDMA (IS-136), and GSM (GPRS and EDGE)

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Communications Magazine, IEEE  (Volume:38 ,  Issue: 1 )