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Microcavities, photonic bandgaps and applications to lasers and optical communications

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3 Author(s)
R. K. Lee ; Dept. of Appl. Phys., California Inst. of Technol., Pasadena, CA, USA ; Y. Xu ; A. Yariv

Structures with periodically modulated refractive index are frequently discussed under the classification of photonic crystals. Recently, much attention has been paid to these types of structures for a large variety of applications such as the inhibition or enhancement of spontaneous emission, ultra-low threshold lasers, compact optical circuits, light-emitting diodes with increased efficiency and novel optical waveguides. Using structures that exhibit a photonic bandgap (PBG), it has been shown that high-Q, small modal volume microcavities can be created. Advances in semiconductor fabrication technology have made it possible to make semiconductor PBG microcavities for optical wavelengths

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LEOS '99. IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society 1999 12th Annual Meeting  (Volume:1 )

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