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High quality multiband LPC coding of speech at 2.4 kbit/s

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3 Author(s)
Yeldener, S. ; Dept. of Electron. & Electr. Eng., Surrey Univ., Guildford, UK ; Kondoz, A.M. ; Evans, B.G.

Until recently good quality digital speech transmission was not possible below about 9.6 kbit/s. With the development of code excited linear prediction (CELP) and multiband excitation (MBE) vocoders, high quality digital speech transmission became possible at bit rates as low as 4.8 kbit/s. Below 4.8 kbit/s however, vocoders such as LPC-103 and the channel vocoder which can only produce synthetic and unnatural speech are still in use. A new coding scheme termed the multiband LPC (MB-LPC) vocoder is proposed, which produces good and natural quality speech at 2.4 kbit/s. Subjective performance of speech at 2.4 kbit/s produced by the CELP is very close to MBE coded speech at 4.8 kbit/s. Informal listening tests have shown that in most cases people could not tell the difference between the new 2.4 kbit/s MB-LPC coder and the 4.8 kbit/s MBE vocoder.

Published in:

Electronics Letters  (Volume:27 ,  Issue: 14 )