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Standing upright of legged robot Emu using constrained ankle-torque via hybrid control

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3 Author(s)
T. Kinugasa ; Dept. of Electron. & Control Eng., Tsuyama Nat. Coll. of Tech., Japan ; K. Osuka ; T. Ono

Various bipedal robots have been developed. What has been lacking, however, are bipedal robots that can perform “non-stationary motion”. “Non-stationary motion” means sitting down, standing up, moving limbs, and so on. We have constructed a legged robot that can perform these movements without using the ankle-torque. Though it is natural to use ankle-torque for non-stationary motions, the usable amount of torque is restricted. We have to consider this input constraint when we design a control scheme to use ankle-torque for non-stationary motions. Since it is difficult to design a control scheme to use ankle-torque for general non-stationary motion, we focus on standing upright (a special non-stationary motion). Concretely, we gave an invariant set where ankle-torque is effective, and designed a hybrid control scheme that alternates between nonlinear and LQ control schemes on the surface of the invariant set. We also discovered stability of the controlled system with constrained ankle-torque. Moreover, simulations demonstrated the effectiveness of the control scheme. We expect that it can also be applied to non-stationary motion in general

Published in:

Intelligent Robots and Systems, 1999. IROS '99. Proceedings. 1999 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on  (Volume:3 )

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