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COTS-based fault tolerance in deep space: Qualitative and quantitative analyses of a bus network architecture

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3 Author(s)
Tai, A.T. ; IA Tech. Inc., Los Aangeles, CA, USA ; Chau, S.N. ; Alkalai, L.

Among the COTS applications in the X2000 architecture for deep-space missions, the use of commercial bus standards is the highest-payoff COTS application since a bus interface has a global impact and enabling effect on system cost and capability, respectively. While COTS bus standards enable significant cost reductions, it is a great challenge for us to deliver a highly-reliable long-term survivable system employing COTS standards that are not developed for mission-critical applications. The spirit of our solution to the problem is to exploit the pertinent standard features of a COTS product to circumvent its shortcomings, though these standard features may not be originally designed for highly reliable systems. In this paper we discuss our experiences and findings on the design and assessment of an IEEE 1394 compliant fault-tolerant bus architecture. We first derive and qualitatively analyze a “stack-tree topology” that not only complies with IEEE 1394 but also enables the implementation of a fault-tolerant bus architecture without node redundancy. We then present a quantitative evaluation that demonstrates significant reliability improvement from the COTS-based fault tolerance

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High-Assurance Systems Engineering, 1999. Proceedings. 4th IEEE International Symposium on

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