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This paper reports the conceptual design, analysis, and modeling of the electromechanical behavior of dome actuators. The geometric parameters of the actuator (dome thickness, width, radius, and depth), poling direction, electric field, and material properties (elastic compliance, piezoelectric constants, and dielectric permittivity) have been taken into account in the modeling work. The results of the analysis indicate that a dome actuator with a tangentially alternating poling direction and electric field (Case C) exhibits much larger displacement and force responses than dome actuators with other poling directions and electric fields. The first mode of natural frequency of the Case C dome actuator also was investigated, and its predicted performance was compared with that of moonie and rainbow actuators. The findings of this research clearly demonstrate the merit of design optimization of electromechanical devices.