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Measurements and modeling of reflective bistability in 1.55-μm laser diode amplifiers

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2 Author(s)
Pakdeevanich, P. ; Dept. of Phys., Essex Univ., Colchester, UK ; Adams, M.J.

We present experimental measurements of bistable characteristics for the case of a 1.55-μm symmetric Fabry-Perot laser amplifier with a particularly rich variety of behavior for reflected signals. Three main forms of hysteresis loops are observed on reflection. The hysteresis loop changes from anticlockwise to clockwise hysteresis in the optical output-input characteristic when the drive current or initial phase detuning is changed. A “butterfly” hysteresis loop is observed experimentally at an optical input power as low as 300 μW for a drive current equal to 94% of the lasing threshold. The dependence of the reflective optical bistability on drive current, initial phase detuning, and injected optical pewter has been investigated for the first time in an uncoated 1.55-μm amplifier. Measurements of the device voltage shifts on switching reveal hysteresis loops which match those in the corresponding optical powers and which indicate the amount of gain saturation and nonlinear refraction responsible for bistability. An analytical model is used to describe the observed reflective bistability and to give insight into the detailed physical mechanisms responsible

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Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:35 ,  Issue: 12 )