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Ray analysis of low-grazing scattering from a breaking water wave

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1 Author(s)
West, J.C. ; Sch. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Oklahoma State Univ., Stillwater, OK, USA

Low-grazing-angle backscattering from a modeled breaking-wave surface profile has been calculated using a ray-optical approach and compared with reference scattering found using an extended moment method. The calculations show that interference between the direct backscatter from the breaking plume and multipath scattering between the plume and wave face can lead to the HH-to-VV polarization-backscattering ratios of greater than 9 dB that characterize sea-spike events. The multipath effects can be accurately predicted from simple reflection from the front face at the smallest grazing angles. At higher angles, diffraction from rapid changes in the surface curvature must also be considered

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:37 ,  Issue: 6 )