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Transporting compressed video over ATM networks with explicit-rate feedback control

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3 Author(s)
T. V. Lakshman ; Lucent Technol., Bell Labs., Holmdel, NJ, USA ; P. P. Mishra ; K. K. Ramakrishnan

We propose a scheme for transmission of variable bit rate (VBR) compressed video for interactive applications using the explicit-rate congestion-control mechanisms proposed for the available bit rate (ABR) service in asynchronous transfer mode networks. Compressed video is inherently bursty, with rate fluctuations over both short and long time scales. This source behavior can be accommodated by the ABR service, since the explicit-rate scheme allows sources to request varying amounts of bandwidth over time. Moreover, when the bandwidth demand cannot be met, the network provides feedback indicating the bandwidth currently available to a connection. In our scheme, the video source rate is matched to the available bandwidth by modifying the quantization level used during compression. We use trace-driven simulations to examine how effective the enhanced explicit-rate scheme is in “rate matching” between the network and the source and the effect on end-to-end delay. We also look at the sensitivity of the proposed scheme to the estimates of the network round-trip times and to inaccuracies in the rate requests made by sources

Published in:

IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking  (Volume:7 ,  Issue: 5 )