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A new distributed route selection approach for channel establishment in real-time networks

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3 Author(s)
Manimaran, G. ; Dept. of Comput. Sci. & Eng., Indian Inst. of Technol., Madras, India ; Rahul, H.S. ; Murthy, C.S.R.

We propose a new distributed route selection approach, called parallel probing, for real-time channel establishment in a point-to-point network. The existing distributed routing algorithms fall into two major categories: preferred neighbor based or flooding based. The preferred neighbor approach offers a better call acceptance rate, whereas the flooding approach is better in terms of call setup time and routing distance. The proposed approach attempts to combine the benefits of both preferred neighbor and flooding approaches in a way to improve all the three performance metrics simultaneously. This is achieved by probing k different paths in parallel, for a channel, by employing different heuristics on each path. Also, the proposed approach uses a notion called intermediate destinations (IDs), which are subset of nodes along the least-cost path between source and destination of a call, in order to reduce the excessive resource reservations while probing for a channel by releasing unused resources between IDs and initiating parallel probes at every ID. Further, it has the flexibility of adapting to different load conditions by its nature of using different heuristics in parallel, and hence, a path found for a channel would have different segments (a segment is a path between two successive IDs), and each of these segments would very well be selected by different heuristics. The effectiveness of the proposed approach has been studied through simulation for well-known network topologies for a wide range of quality-of-service and traffic parameters. The simulation results reveal that the average call acceptance rate offered by the proposed route-selection approach is better than that of both the flooding and preferred neighbor approaches, and the average call setup time and routing distance offered by it are very close to that of the flooding approach

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Networking, IEEE/ACM Transactions on  (Volume:7 ,  Issue: 5 )