By Topic

Fault-tolerant refresh power reduction of DRAMs for quasi-nonvolatile data retention

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

4 Author(s)
Katayama, Y. ; Tokyo Res. Lab., IBM Res., Kanagawa, Japan ; Stuckey, E.J. ; Morioka, S. ; Wu, Z.

A quasi-nonvolatile memory system based on commercially available low-power dynamic random access memory (DRAM) technology is proposed and demonstrated. By applying a powerful one-shot Reed-Solomon error correction code (ECC) to the data stored in the DRAM, the refresh rate and memory system power usage can be greatly reduced while still maintaining data integrity. An adaptive refresh rate controller was developed in order to ensure robustness against the variations in data retention time due to perturbation effects such as DRAM part-to-part variations, environmental changes and data pattern sensitivity, while at the same time minimizing power usage. By checking for data failures among a small subset of data bits which are dynamically selected at the beginning of each use of the system, the state of the perturbation effects are predicted and used to adjust the refresh rate. As a result, a system was developed that provides reliability equivalent to standard DRAM systems while greatly (10-100X) reducing the refresh power. Experimental results of a test system are presented

Published in:

Defect and Fault Tolerance in VLSI Systems, 1999. DFT '99. International Symposium on

Date of Conference:

Nov 1999