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Neural net algorithms that learn in polynomial time from examples and queries

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1 Author(s)
Baum, E.B. ; NEC Res. Inst., Princeton, NJ, USA

An algorithm which trains networks using examples and queries is proposed. In a query, the algorithm supplies a y and is told t(y) by an oracle. Queries appear to be available in practice for most problems of interest, e.g. by appeal to a human expert. The author's algorithm is proved to PAC learn in polynomial time the class of target functions defined by layered, depth two, threshold nets having n inputs connected to k hidden threshold units connected to one or more output units, provided k⩽4. While target functions and input distributions can be described for which the algorithm will fail for larger k, it appears likely to work well in practice. Tests of a variant of the algorithm have consistently and rapidly learned random nets of this type. Computational efficiency figures are given. The algorithm can also be proved to learn intersections of k half-spaces in Rn in time polynomial in both n and k. A variant of the algorithm can learn arbitrary depth layered threshold networks with n inputs and k units in the first hidden layer in time polynomial in the larger of n and k but exponential in the smaller of the two

Published in:

Neural Networks, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:2 ,  Issue: 1 )