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A cone-beam reconstruction algorithm for circle-plus-arc data-acquisition geometry

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2 Author(s)
Xiaohui Wang ; Dept. of Radiology, Rochester Univ., NY, USA ; Ruola Ning

In cone-beam computerized tomography (CT), projections acquired with the focal spot constrained on a planar orbit cannot provide a complete set of data to reconstruct the object function exactly. There are severe distortions in the reconstructed noncentral transverse planes when the cone angle is large. In this work, a new method is proposed which can obtain a complete set of data by acquiring cone-beam projections along a circle-plus-arc orbit. A reconstruction algorithm using this circle-plus-arc orbit is developed, based on the Radon transform and Grangeat's formula. This algorithm first transforms the cone-beam projection data of an object to the first derivative of the three-dimensional (3-D) Radon transform, using Grangeat's formula, and then reconstructs the object using the inverse Radon transform. In order to reduce interpolation errors, new rebinning equations have been derived accurately, which allows one-dimensional (1-D) interpolation to be used in the rebinning process instead of 3-D interpolation, A noise-free Defrise phantom and a Poisson noise-added Shepp-Logan phantom were simulated and reconstructed for algorithm validation. The results from the computer simulation indicate that the new cone-beam data-acquisition scheme can provide a complete set of projection data and the image reconstruction algorithm can achieve exact reconstruction. Potentially, the algorithm can be applied in practice for both a standard CT gantry-based volume tomographic imaging system and a C-arm-based cone-beam tomographic imaging system, with little mechanical modification required.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging  (Volume:18 ,  Issue: 9 )