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A performance evaluation study of pipeline TMR systems

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3 Author(s)
Ezhilchelvan, P.D. ; Comput. Lab., Newcastle Upon Tyne Univ., UK ; Mitrani, I. ; Shrivastava, S.K.

A distributed system in which a job can be broken into a number of subjobs which are processed sequentially at various processors is considered. The performance of such a system is then compared to the replicated (triple modular redundant, or TMR) version of the system in which each subjob will require concurrent replicated processing with majority voting. The effect of voting times and processor failure rates on the performance of the system is investigated with analytical approximations and computer simulations. The accuracy of the former is examined. The results indicate the possible existence of a threshold voting time, below which the TMR system performs better than the unreplicated one, and above which the situation is reversed. Such thresholds are observed, where possible, in systems with repairable servers, as well as in those with nonrepairable servers

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Parallel and Distributed Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:1 ,  Issue: 4 )