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Fuzzy logic based set-point weight tuning of PID controllers

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1 Author(s)
Visioli, A. ; Dipt. di Elettronica per l''Autom., Brescia Univ., Italy

A methodology, based on fuzzy logic, for the tuning of proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controllers is presented. A fuzzy inference system is adopted to determine the value of the weight that multiplies the set-point for the proportional action, based on the current output error and its time derivative. In this way, both the overshoot and the rise time in set-point following can be reduced. The values of the proportional gain and the integral and derivative time constant are determined according to the well-known Ziegler-Nichols formula so that a good load disturbance attenuation is also assured. The methodology is shown to be effective for a large range of processes and is valuable for industrial settings since it is intuitive, it requires only a small extra computational effort, and it is robust with regard to parameter variations. The tuning of the parameters of the fuzzy module can be easily done by hand or by means of an autotuning procedure based on genetic algorithms

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Systems, Man and Cybernetics, Part A: Systems and Humans, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:29 ,  Issue: 6 )