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The constituent equations of piezoelectric heterogeneous bimorphs

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2 Author(s)
Smits, J.G. ; Coll. of Eng., Boston Univ., MA, USA ; Choi, W.-s.

The electromechanical characteristics of a heterogeneous piezoelectric bender subjected to various electrical and mechanical boundary conditions are discussed based on the results of the free bender analysis. The mechanical boundary conditions considered are: a mechanical moment at the end of the bender, a force applied perpendicularly to the tip of the bender, and a uniform load applied over the entire length of the bender. The constituent equations of the bender under these electromechanical influences are derived by calculating the internal energy assuming thermodynamic equilibrium.<>

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Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:38 ,  Issue: 3 )