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Dual current control scheme for PWM converter under unbalanced input voltage conditions

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2 Author(s)
Hong-Seok Song ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Pohang Inst. of Sci. & Technol., South Korea ; Kwanghee Nam

Voltage unbalance in a three-phase system causes performance deterioration of PWM power converters by producing 120 Hz voltage ripples in the DC link and by increasing the reactive power. To eliminate the DC link voltage ripple and the DC component of the reactive power, both positive- and negative-sequence currents should be controlled simultaneously, according to the paper by Rioual et al (1996). The authors used two synchronous reference frames: a positive-sequence current regulated by a proportional integral (PI) controller in a positive synchronous reference frame (SRF); and a negative-sequence current regulated by a PI controller in a negative SRF. In the positive SRF, which rotates counterclockwise, the positive sequence appears as DC, while the negative sequence appears as 120 Hz. In contrast, in the negative SRF, which rotates clockwise, the negative sequence appears as DC, while the positive sequence appears as 120 Hz. By deleting 120 Hz components using a notch filter in each SRF, one can measure positive- and negative-sequence currents separately, and use them for constructing two feedback controllers. Since the negative-sequence current is also controlled in its own SRF by a DC command, this approach yields better performance without increasing the control gain. Note that, since the controller is implemented by a software routine in the digital signal professor chip, using two SRFs does not require additional hardware. The authors demonstrated the effectiveness of the proposed control scheme by using computer simulation and experiments

Published in:

Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:46 ,  Issue: 5 )