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Promoting the use of end-to-end congestion control in the Internet

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2 Author(s)
Floyd, Sally ; AT&T Centre for Internet Res., ICSI, Berkeley, CA, USA ; Fall, K.

This paper considers the potentially negative impacts of an increasing deployment of non-congestion-controlled best-effort traffic on the Internet. These negative impacts range from extreme unfairness against competing TCP traffic to the potential for congestion collapse. To promote the inclusion of end-to-end congestion control in the design of future protocols using best-effort traffic, we argue that router mechanisms are needed to identify and restrict the bandwidth of selected high-bandwidth best-effort flows in times of congestion. The paper discusses several general approaches for identifying those flows suitable for bandwidth regulation. These approaches are to identify a high-bandwidth flow in times of congestion as unresponsive, “not TCP-friendly”, or simply using disproportionate bandwidth. A flow that is not “TCP-friendly” is one whose long-term arrival rate exceeds that of any conformant TCP in the same circumstances. An unresponsive flow is one failing to reduce its offered load at a router in response to an increased packet drop rate, and a disproportionate-bandwidth flow is one that uses considerably more bandwidth than other flows in a time of congestion

Published in:

Networking, IEEE/ACM Transactions on  (Volume:7 ,  Issue: 4 )

Date of Publication:

Aug 1999

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