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High-performance 980-nm quantum-well lasers using a hybrid material system of an Al-free InGaAs-InGaAsP active region and AlGaAs cladding layers grown by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition

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4 Author(s)
Yang, G.W. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Utah Univ., Salt Lake City, UT, USA ; Hwu, R.J. ; Xu, Z.T. ; Ma, X.Y.

We report on the material growth and fabrication of high-performance 980-nm strained quantum-well lasers employing a hybrid material system consisting of an Al-free InGaAs-InGaAsP active region and AlGaAs cladding layers. The use of AlGaAs cladding instead of InGaP provides potential advantages in flexibility of laser design, simple epitaxial growth, and improvement of surface morphology and laser performance. The as-grown InGaAs-InGaAsP(1.6 eV)-AlGaAs(1.95 eV) lasers achieve a low threshold current density of 150 A/cm2 (at a cavity length of 1500 μm), internal quantum efficiency of ~95%, and low internal loss of 1.8 cm-1. Both broad-area and ridge-waveguide laser devices are fabricated. For 100-μm-wide stripe lasers with a cavity length of 800 μm, a slope efficiency of 1.05 W/A and a characteristic temperature coefficient (T0) of 230 K are achieved. The lifetime test demonstrates a reliable performance. The comparison with our fabricated InGaAs-InGaAsP(1.6 eV)-AlGaAs(1.87 eV) lasers and Al-free InGaAs-InGaAsP (1.6 eV)-InGaP lasers are also given and discussed. The selective etching between AlGaAs and InGaAsP is successfully used for the formation of a ridge-waveguide structure. For 4-μm-wide ridge-waveguide laser devices, a maximum output power of 350 mW is achieved. The fundamental mode output power can be up to 190 mW with a slope efficiency as high as 0.94 W/A

Published in:

Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:35 ,  Issue: 10 )

Date of Publication:

Oct 1999

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