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Microwave systems design for high-performance moving target indicators in radars

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1 Author(s)
Sorrell, P.A. ; Westinghouse Elect. Corp., Baltimore, MD, USA

Clutter cancellation of 65 dB and better is directly proportional to good radar stability, and since many hardware areas produce instabilities at various levels, the architecture of a radar requires special design considerations to support this high stability. The noise character and generation methods of these instabilities in the various hardware areas are described, and design solutions are given to eliminate them. Microwave delay line, a reliable, accurate method of measuring radar stability in L- and S-band radars, is described. The longest microwave delay line available for use at L -band and S-band frequencies is a 15-μs sapphire bulk acoustic wave (BAW) delay line. For higher-frequency radars, smaller delays must be used to keep the insertion loss down to a usable level. The question is raised as to the adequacy of this delay time to provide sufficient visibility for stability measurements of the stable noise. For transmitter measurements, it is adequate for the more common pulse widths, which are less than 15 μs. For LO measurements, the analysis shows that this delay does provide sufficient decorrelation for accurate LO noise measurements

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Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:39 ,  Issue: 5 )