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Unified modeling of hybrid electric vehicle drivetrains

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3 Author(s)
G. Rizzoni ; Dept. of Mech. Eng., Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH, USA ; L. Guzzella ; B. M. Baumann

Hybridizing automotive drivetrains, or using more than one type of energy converter, is considered an important step toward very low pollutant emission and high fuel economy. The automotive industry and governments in the United States, Europe, and Japan have formed strategic initiatives with the aim of cooperating in the development of new vehicle technologies. Efforts to meet fuel economy and exhaust emission targets have initiated major advances in hybrid drivetrain system components, including: high-efficiency high-specific power electric motors and controllers; load-leveling devices such as ultracapacitors and fly-wheels; hydrogen and direct-methanol fuel cells; direct injection diesel and Otto cycle engines; and advanced batteries. The design of hybrid electric vehicles is an excellent example of the need for mechatronic system analysis and design methods. If one is to fully realize the potential of using these technologies, a complete vehicle system approach for component selection and optimization over typical driving situations is required. The control problems that arise in connection with hybrid power trains are significant and pose additional challenges to power-train control engineers. The principal aim of the paper is to propose a framework for the analysis, design, and control of optimum hybrid vehicles within the context of energy and power flow analysis. The approaches and results presented in the paper are one step toward the development of a complete toolbox for the analysis and design of hybrid vehicles

Published in:

IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics  (Volume:4 ,  Issue: 3 )