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High-performance 1.3-μm InAsP strained-layer quantum-well ACIS (Al-oxide confined inner stripe) lasers

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6 Author(s)
N. Iwai ; R&D Labs., Furukawa Electr. Co. Ltd., Yokohama, Japan ; T. Mukaihara ; N. Yamanaka ; K. Kumada
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We have demonstrated high-performance 1.3-μm InAsP strained-layer quantum-well lasers with Al-oxide confined inner stripe (ACIS) structure. The oxidized layers are consisted of strain-compensated AlAs-InP-AlInAs (6 nm/2 ML/3 nm) superlattice (SAS) layers and grown on InP substrate using gas-source molecular beam epitaxy (GS-MBE). For the structural optimization of the ACIS laser, the dependence of quantum efficiency, threshold current and lateral mode characteristics on the initial ridge width and the current aperture width have been investigated. A very low-threshold current of 2.0 mA, a high differential quantum efficiency of 67% and stable single lateral mode operation of over 40 mW were obtained for the optimized ACIS lasers. The excellent characteristics obtained in the ACIS lasers are attributed to both the current and the optical confinements by the Al-oxide layer. In addition, we confirmed high uniformity of the threshold current and the oxidized width. This device is very promising candidate for low-cost access networks and optical interconnects

Published in:

IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics  (Volume:5 ,  Issue: 3 )