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Metamorphic DBR and tunnel-junction injection. A CW RT monolithic long-wavelength VCSEL

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14 Author(s)
Boucart, J. ; Groupement d''Interet Econ., Alcatel Corp. Res. Center, Marcoussis, France ; Starck, C. ; Gaborit, F. ; Plais, A.
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We present and give details about the conception and realization of the first monolithic long wavelength vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) operating continuous wave at room temperature. This approach relies on two originalities: a metamorphic GaAs-AlAs distributed Bragg reflector and an injection through a reverse-biased tunnel junction. Record output powers as high as 1 mW and a maximum operating temperature of 47°C have thus been achieved. Furthermore, in this paper, we present the optimization work on the different constituting parts of the VCSEL

Published in:

Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:5 ,  Issue: 3 )

Date of Publication:

May/Jun 1999

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