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Characteristics of electromechanical solid state multilayer actuators

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6 Author(s)
Pertsch, P. ; Fraunhofer Inst. for Appl. Opt. & Precision Eng., Jena, Germany ; Pan, M.-J. ; Vedula, V.R. ; Yoshikawa, S.
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In this study we compare the responses of stacked actuators made of “soft” ferroelectrics to those of less common materials such as electrostrictive and antiferroelectric to ferroelectric phase-switching ceramics. The same measurements were performed on various samples which were identical in size and manufacturing technology. The latest material results on relaxor-based single crystals were considered to give a more comprehensive overview. Additionally, we discussed the clamping effects caused by the actuator structure, which have to be taken into account comparing the stack results to pure material response

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Applications of Ferroelectrics, 1998. ISAF 98. Proceedings of the Eleventh IEEE International Symposium on

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