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An efficient two-pass MAP-MRF algorithm for motion estimation based on mean field theory

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2 Author(s)
Jie Wei ; Dept. of Comput. Sci., City Coll. of New York, NY, USA ; Ze-Nian Li

This paper presents a two-pass algorithm for estimating motion vectors from image sequences. In the proposed algorithm, the motion estimation is formulated as a problem of obtaining the maximum a posteriori in the Markov random field (MAP-MRF). An optimization method based on the mean field theory (MFT) is opted to conduct the MAP search. The estimation of motion vectors is modeled by only two MRFs, namely, the motion vector field and unpredictable field. Instead of utilizing the line field, a truncation function is introduced to handle the discontinuity between the motion vectors on neighboring sites. In this algorithm, a “double threshold” preprocessing pass is first employed to partition the sites into three regions, whereby the ensuing MPT-based pass for each MRF is conducted on one or two of the three regions. With this algorithm, no significant difference exists between the block-based and pixel-based MAP searches any more. Consequently, a good compromise between precision and efficiency can be struck with ease. To render our algorithm more resilient against noise, the mean absolute difference instead of mean square error is selected as the measure of difference, which is more reliable according to the knowledge of robust statistics. This is supported by our experimental results from both synthetic and real-world image sequences. The proposed two-pass algorithm is much faster than any other MAP-MRF motion estimation method reported in the literature so far

Published in:

Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:9 ,  Issue: 6 )

Date of Publication:

Sep 1999

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