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Short-sample quenching of Nb/sub 3/Al precursor strand in support of reel-to-reel process development

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6 Author(s)
Buta, F. ; Dept. of Mater. Sci. & Eng., Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH, USA ; Sumption, M.D. ; Collings, E.W. ; Harada, N.
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Niobium-aluminum precursor strands were fabricated using the conventional jelly roll method with two Nb:Al volume ratios, 3:1, and 5:1. These mono-elements were restacked in 7-, 19- and 36-core arrangements and drawn down to wires approximately 0.8 mm and 0.4 mm in diameter. Short lengths of wire were resistively heated under high vacuum to temperatures as high as 2200/spl deg/C for various times, and either allowed to cool by radiation plus lead conduction or quenched into liquid gallium. Vacuum cooling led to a disordered A15 phase, which was then ordered by annealing at 800/spl deg/C; gallium quenching tended to produce the bcc phase, which could be transformed into A15 also by annealing for various times at 800/spl deg/C. The superconducting properties of the final wires were examined by vibrating-sample magnetometry (/spl chi//sub dc/ and T/sub c/) as well as transport J/sub c/ measurement. Best results so far are for a 5:1 Nb:AI volume ratio sample Ga quenched from 2000/spl deg/C with a secondary reaction of 800/spl deg/C/3 h, giving J/sub c/=4.5/spl times/10/sup 8/ A/m/sup 2/ at 12 T, with a T/sub c/=18-18.5 K.

Published in:

Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:9 ,  Issue: 2 )

Date of Publication:

June 1999

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