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Electrical design and simulation of high density printed circuit boards

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3 Author(s)
Swirbel, T. ; Motorola Inc., Plantation, FL, USA ; Naujoks, A. ; Watkins, M.

High density interconnect printed circuit board technology enables significant board size and layer count reduction. Thinner inner layer dielectric materials, reduced line widths, and closer spaced components inherent in high density board technology require a change in electrical design methodology. Most notably, the thinner dielectric thickness significantly impacts the electrical performance of the circuit board with respect to crosstalk, board capacitance, via inductance, and controlled impedance. Via inductance is significantly reduced as mechanically drilled through hole vias are replaced with microvias. Distributed capacitance will tend to increase because of the thinner dielectric layer and crosstalk between signal traces run on adjacent layers may also increase. Using either FR-4 type epoxy (diel, cnst.=4.0) or higher performance materials (diel, cnst.=2.8) conventional controlled impedance structures such as a stripline, microstrip, and coplanar waveguide are possible to design using current manufacturing capabilities. A 50 Ω impedance can be achieved by a microstrip or a coplanar waveguide using either dielectric material. The stripline can only achieve approximately 35 Ω with the higher performance material and 25 Ω with the FR-4 type epoxy material. A 500 mW radio frequency receiver and transmitter module operating at 467 MHz was successfully fabricated using a three layer build-up high density circuit board. The circuit board construction had one build-up layer fabricated with a liquid epoxy material. The circuit board electrical design incorporated microstrip, stripline, and coplanar waveguide controlled impedance structures. The results of the electrical performance measurements indicated that transmitted power, receiver sensitivity, and frequency specification performance were similar to a six layer board manufactured with conventional technology

Published in:

Advanced Packaging, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:22 ,  Issue: 3 )