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Adaptive regularized constrained least squares image restoration

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3 Author(s)
Berger, T. ; Div. for Protection & Mater., Norwegian Defence Res. Establ., Kjeller, Norway ; Stromberg, J.O. ; Eltoft, T.

In noisy environments, a constrained least-squares (CLS) approach is presented to restore images blurred by a Gaussian impulse response, where instead of choosing a global regularization parameter, each point in the signal has its own associated regularization parameter. These parameters are found by constraining the weighted standard deviation of the wavelet transform coefficients on the finest scale of the inverse signal by a function r which is a local measure of the intensity variations around each point of the blurred and noisy observed signal. Border ringing in the inverse solution is proposed decreased by manipulating its wavelet transform coefficients on the finest scales close to the borders. If the noise in the inverse solution is significant, wavelet transform techniques are also applied to denoise the solution. Examples are given for images, and the results are shown to outperform the optimum constrained least-squares solution using a global regularization parameter, both visually and in the mean squared error sense

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Image Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:8 ,  Issue: 9 )