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Flux quantum sigma-delta analog-to-digital converters for rf signals

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4 Author(s)
D. L. Miller ; Northrop Grumman Sci. & Technol. Center, Pittsburgh, PA, USA ; J. X. Przybysz ; A. H. Worsham ; E. J. Dean

The sigma-delta architecture is the method of choice for analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) for high dynamic range applications. This architecture uses oversampling and precise feedback to generate a shaped spectral distribution of the quantization noise. Subsequent digital filtering suppresses out-of-band quantization noise, yielding a large signal to in-band noise ratio. A unique advantage of superconducting electronics is the availability of the flux quantum to provide quantum mechanically accurate feedback at GHz rates. Josephson digital technology extends sigma-delta ADCs from MHz sampling rates to GHz sampling rates, from kHz signal bandwidths to MHz signal bandwidths, with comparable or better dynamic range when compared to semiconductor implementations. This paper presents circuits for Josephson sigma-delta ADCs, including single-loop and double-loop modulators operating at sampling rates up to 2 GHz, and circuits for quantized feedback. The first demonstration of double-loop noise shaping is also presented.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity  (Volume:9 ,  Issue: 2 )