By Topic

Comparison of low noise cooling performance of a Joule-Thomson cooler and a pulse-tube cooler using a HT SQUID

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

6 Author(s)
Hohmann, R. ; Inst. of Thin Film & Ion Technol., Res. Center Juelich, Germany ; Lienerth, C. ; Zhang, Y. ; Bousack, H.
more authors

Due to their intrinsic low mechanical vibration level both, Joule-Thomson refrigerator and Pulse-Tube refrigerator are promising candidates for low noise cooling of high-T/sub c/ SQUIDs. We report here on a test comparing the performance of a commercial Joule-Thomson cooler and a single stage Pulse-Tube cooler used to operate one and the same HT rf SQUID under comparable conditions in shielded environment. In order to reduce vibrations the cold stages of both cooler systems were connected by flexible plastic lines of several meters length with their compressors. Operated in a liquid nitrogen cryostat, the white field noise of the SQUID was 40 fT//spl radic/Hz at frequencies above 30 Hz. A slightly higher white noise (about 60 fT//spl radic/Hz) was observed for operation with either of the two coolers. This is probably due to the vicinity of superinsulation to the SQUID. The Joule-Thomson cooler produced a somewhat higher low frequency excess noise below 30 Hz and some characteristic noise bands at intermediate frequencies (ca. 100 Hz-500 Hz). The Pulse-Tube cooler led to a spectrum of lines at multiples of the pulse frequency (4.6 Hz). Both effects could be attributed (using cross correlation measurements) to residual mechanical vibrations of the cold heads of both coolers.

Published in:

Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:9 ,  Issue: 2 )