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COOL-0: Design of an RSFQ subsystem for petaflops computing

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4 Author(s)
Dorojevets, M. ; State Univ. of New York, Stony Brook, NY, USA ; Bunyk, P. ; Zinoviev, D. ; Likharev, K.

We discuss a preliminary design of a Rapid Single-Flux-Quantum (RSFQ) subsystem for general-purpose computers with petaflops-scale performance. The subsystem is being developed at Stony Brook within the framework of the Hybrid Technology MultiThreading (HTMT) project. COOL-0 design is based on 0.8-/spl mu/m RSFQ technology which enables the implementation of superconductor processing elements (SPELLs) operating at clock frequencies up to 100 GHz pipelined cryo-memory (CRAM) with 30 ps cycle time and interprocessor network (CNET) with a bandwidth of 30 Gbps per channel. The main architectural challenge is an almost 1,000-fold speed difference between the RSFQ processors and room-temperature SRAM comprising the second level of the HTMT memory hierarchy. The proposed solution to the problem is hardware support for two-level multithreading and block transfer techniques in SPELLs. Our preliminary estimates show that an RSFQ subsystem with 4 K SPELLs and a 4-Gbyte CRAM may be sufficient to achieve the performance close to 0.5 petaflops for computationally intensive program kernels. COOL-0 would occupy a physical space of about 0.5 m/sup 3/ and dissipate power as low as 250 Watts (at helium temperature). These numbers present a dramatic improvement compared to a hypothetical purely-semiconductor petaflops-scale computer.

Published in:

Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:9 ,  Issue: 2 )