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Power applications for superconducting cables in Denmark

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3 Author(s)
Olsen, S.K. ; Dept. of Electr. Power Eng., Tech. Univ., Lyngby, Denmark ; Tonnesen, O. ; Ostergaard, J.

In Denmark a growing concern for environmental protection has lead to wishes that the number of overhead lines is reduced as much as possible and that the energy supply should be shifted to renewable energy sources, e.g. windmills. Superconducting cables represent an interesting alternative to conventional cables, as they have other characteristics than conventional cables and will be able to transmit two or more times the current. Superconducting cables are especially interesting as a target for replacing overhead lines. Superconducting cables in the overall network are of interest in cases such as transmission of energy into cities and through areas of special beauty. The planned large groups of off-shore windmills in Denmark generating up to 400 MVA or more will be an obvious case for the application of superconducting AC or DC cables. These opportunities can be combined with other new technologies such as high voltage DC (HVDC) based on isolated gate bipolar transistors (IGBTs). The network needed in a system with a substantial wind power generation has to be quite stiff in order to handle energy fluctuations. Such a network may be possible, e.g., using superconducting cables.

Published in:

Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:9 ,  Issue: 2 )