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Characteristics of a vacuum switching contact based on bipolar axial magnetic field

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4 Author(s)
Fenski, B. ; Inst. fur Hochspannungstechnik und Elektr. Energieanlagen, Tech. Univ. Braunschweig, Germany ; Heimbach, M. ; Lindmayer, M. ; Shang, W.

Axial magnetic field (AMF) contacts can increase the interruption capability of vacuum interrupters. Depending on the design, the principles of the local axial field arrangement are different. For unipolar arrangements the direction of the axial magnetic field is the same within the whole contact area. For bipolar arrangements, the polarity of the field changes once. In this paper investigations have been carried out to characterize a bipolar AMF contact system and to test its interruption performance. The influence of the bipolar AMF on the arc development and the thermal stress is described by high speed camera and contact surface pictures. In addition, three-dimensional AMF simulations have been performed by means of a finite-element program to estimate the influence of slots within the contact plates on the AMF performance. The high interruption capability of the bipolar AMF contact system has been verified in different test laboratories up to 12 kV/80 kARMS (symmetrical) and 36 kV/40 kARMS (including 40% DC) by three and single phase tests. The investigations are completed by measuring the post-arc current and the shield-potential during recovery period, both describing the switching behavior of the contact system

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Plasma Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:27 ,  Issue: 4 )