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Observation of tungsten particles in vacuum arcs by laser induced fluorescence

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4 Author(s)
Y. Nakayama ; Adv. Technol. Res. & Dev. Centre, Mitsubishi Electr. Corp., Hyogo, Japan ; T. Kimura ; K. Koyama ; H. Sasao

We have clarified the relation between the decay of tungsten ion density in the vicinity of current zero and vacuum arc mode in high current period by using a laser induced fluorescence method in tungsten vacuum arcs of 60 Hz sinusoidal current with the peak value of 3.3, 6.7, and 9.8 kA. In the case of 6.7 kA, the arc mode was the anode spot mode. Because of the generation of the anode spot, the tungsten ion density near the anode was higher than near the cathode and the density near the anode was about ten times as high as the case of 3.3 kA which was the diffuse mode. In the case of 9.8 kA, which was the intense arc mode, the density near the anode was not significantly different from the case of 6.7 kA. The density near the cathode was higher than near the anode and tungsten ions were observed till about 30 μs after current zero while they disappeared at current zero in the other cases

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science  (Volume:27 ,  Issue: 4 )